Men and women: statistics

Mental health problems affect both men and women, but not in equal measure.

In England, in 2014, one in six adults had a common mental health problem: about one in five women and one in eight men. From 2000 to 2014, rates of common mental health problems in England steadily increased in women and remained largely stable in men.1

In 2018, there were 6,507 suicides registered in the UK2, and in 2019, there were 5,691 suicides registered in England and Wales. Of these, three-quarters were among men, which has been the case since the mid-1990s2,3

Three times as many men as women die by suicide.4

Men aged 40 to 49 have the highest suicide rates in the UK.5

Men report lower levels of life satisfaction than women according to the government’s national wellbeing survey.6 

Men are less likely to access psychological therapies than women: only 36% of referrals to NHS talking therapies are for men.7

Nearly three-quarters of adults who go missing are men.4

87% of rough sleepers are men.4

Men are nearly three times as likely as women to become dependent on alcohol, and three times as likely to report frequent drug use.4

Men are more likely to be compulsorily detained (or ‘sectioned’) for treatment than women.8

Men are more likely to be victims of violent crime (1.5 more likely than women).9

Men make up the vast majority of the prison population.​ There are high rates of mental health problems and increasing rates of self-harm in prisons.

Women between the ages of 16 and 24 are almost three times as likely (26%) to experience a common mental health issue as males of the same age (9%).10

Women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with anxiety as men.11

25.7% of women and 9.7% of men aged 16 to 24 report having self-harmed at some point in their life.12

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References

McManus S, Bebbington P, Jenkins R, Brugha T. (eds.) (2016) Mental health and wellbeing in England: Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2014. Leeds: NHS Digital. Available at: http://content.digital.nhs.uk/catalogue/PUB21748/apms-2014-full-rpt.pdf

ONS. (2019). Suicides in the UK: 2018 registrations. Retrieved from: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/suicidesintheunitedkingdom/2018registrations

ONS. (2020). Suicides in England and Wales: 2019 registrations. Retrieved from: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/suicidesintheunitedkingdom/2019registrations

https://www.menshealthforum.org.uk/key-data-mental-health

https://mhfaengland.org/mhfa-centre/research-and-evaluation/mental-health-statistics/

https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/wellbeing/bulletins/measuringnationalwellbeing/october2016toseptember2017

https://files.digital.nhs.uk/99/3916C8/ment-heal-act-stat-eng-2019-20-summ-rep%20v1.1.pdf

https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/compendium/focusonviolentcrimeandsexualoffences/yearendingmarch2015/chapter1overviewofviolentcrimeandsexualoffences#characteristics-associated-with-being-a-victim

https://www.menshealthforum.org.uk/key-data-mental-health

10 McManus S, Bebbington P, Jenkins R, Brugha T. Mental health and wellbeing in England: Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2014 [Internet]. Leeds; 2016. Available from: content.digital.nhs.uk

11 Remes O, Brayne C, van der Linde R, Lafortune L. A systematic review of reviews on the prevalence of anxiety disorders in adult populations [Internet]. Vol. 6, Brain and Behavior. 2016 [cited 2016 Dec 2]. p. e00497. Available from:  doi.wiley.com