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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
A

A

Alcohol and mental health are closely linked. Drinking too much can affect your wellbeing. Some people may drink to try to relieve the symptoms of mental ill-health.

People with anorexia try to keep their weight as low as possible by not eating enough, exercising too much, or both.

Anxiety is a feeling of unease, worry or fear. We all feel anxious at times, but anxiety may be a mental health problem if your feelings are very strong or last a long time.

British military personnel face unique risks in service and, if they do experience mental health problems, they may require particular treatments and particular mental health services.

ADHD is a condition that affects people’s behaviour. People with ADHD can seem restless, impulsive and have problems concentrating.

Autism is a developmental disability that affects how people communicate and experience the world around them. It isn’t a mental health problem.

B

B

Everyone has changes in their mood, but with bipolar disorder these changes can be extreme, overwhelming and have a big impact on your life.

In England and Wales, nearly one in five of us come from a BAME (Black, Asian and minority ethnic) background. Challenges such as racism, stigma and inequalities can affect the mental health of people from BAME communities.

People with bulimia nervosa have an unhealthy eating cycle. They will eat a lot of food (bingeing) and then do something to try to avoid weight gain, such as vomiting or taking laxatives (purging).

C

C

Mental health problems affect around one in six children. They include depression, anxiety and conduct disorder (a type of behavioural problem), and are often a direct response to what is happening in their lives.

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can help you understand how your thoughts and actions affect the way you feel.

Anyone can experience a mental health crisis. In a crisis, you may feel like you can’t carry on. You may be at risk of hurting yourself or trying to take your own life. It’s vital to get help immediately.

D

D

There are many reasons why people fall into debt. It’s never too late to take control of your money and get help with your debt.

Dementia isn’t just about memory loss. It can affect how you think, feel, speak and behave.

We all have times when we feel down, but depression is about more than feeling sad or fed up for a few days. Depression causes a low mood that lasts a long time and affects your daily life.

What we eat doesn’t just affect our physical health: it can also affect our mental health and wellbeing.

All drugs can have an effect on your mental health. They can change your mood and behaviour. For some people, taking drugs can lead to long-term mental health problems.

E

E

Having an eating disorder means having a difficult relationship with food. This can include eating too little or too much, or becoming fixated with your weight or shape. You may use food as a coping mechanism or a way to feel in control.

F

F

Friendship is a crucial element in protecting our mental health. Our friends can keep us grounded, help us get things in perspective, and help us manage the problems that life throws at us.

G

G

Many of us place the odd bet or play the lottery, but for some of us gambling can become an addiction and harm our mental health.

H

H

Hearing voices means hearing a voice when no one else is around, or that other people can’t hear.

Housing and mental health are closely linked. People with mental health conditions are more likely to live in poor housing and having housing problems can make your mental health worse.

Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to everyone. They cannot be taken away, although some can be restricted in certain circumstances.

L

L

Long-term physical conditions such as diabetes, arthritis or asthma can have a significant impact on your mental health.

M

M

Your doctor may offer you medication to treat your mental illness. Medication can significantly improve your symptoms, although you may experience side-effects.

In England, around one in eight men has a common mental health problem such as depression, anxiety, panic disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Every woman’s experience of the menopause will be different. Your changing hormones can affect your physical, emotional and mental health.

Having mental capacity means being able to make and communicate your own decisions.

As we get older, changes in our lives such as retirement, bereavement or physical illness can affect our mental health.

Mindfulness is a technique you can learn to be fully present and engaged in the moment without judging anything. It can help you manage your thoughts, feelings and mental health.

O

O

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder involving distressing thoughts and repetitive behaviours.

Online resources – from information to self-help programs to therapy – can be a great way to help your mental health. It’s important to find the right sort of support for you.

P

P

A panic attack is a feeling of sudden and intense fear. It can come on quickly and for no apparent reason. Panic attacks can be very frightening, but they’re not dangerous.

Being a parent with a mental illness can be hard. But with the right support, you can be a good parent while managing your mental health.

Peer support is when people use their own experiences to help each other.

Someone with a personality disorder will have difficulties with how they think, feel, behave and relate to others.

The companionship that a pet offers is a great way to reduce anxiety and stress.

Physical activity can improve your mental wellbeing. Being physically active means moving your body and working your muscles: for example, by walking, running, dancing, swimming, doing yoga or gardening.

We often think of our mind and body as separate, but our mental health and physical health are interconnected.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition you may develop after experiencing a traumatic or life-threatening event.

Postnatal depression is a type of depression many people experience after having a baby. It’s not the same as the ‘baby blues’: it needs treatment so you can recover.

Prevention is an important approach to improving mental health. It means stopping mental health problems from developing, getting worse or coming back.

If you’re diagnosed with psychosis, it means a mental health professional has determined you have lost some contact with reality. You might see or hear things that other people can’t, or believe things that are not actually true.

R

R

With mental health, recovery means different things to different people. What’s important is building a meaningful life – whatever that means to you.

S

S

Schizophrenia is a condition where your experience of the world doesn’t match how other people see it.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that occurs at particular times of the year, most often in the winter months.

Self-harm is when you hurt yourself on purpose. You may self-harm if you’re dealing with intense or overwhelming feelings as a way to try and cope.

Self-management is about learning tools and techniques to manage your own mental health.

We all need to sleep well to help our bodies recover from the day and to allow healing to take place.

We all know the physical health risks of smoking tobacco, but did you know smoking also affects people's mental health?

People with mental health problems say that stigma and discrimination can make their difficulties worse and make it harder to recover.

Stress is the feeling of being overwhelmed or unable to cope with mental or emotional pressure.

If you’re feeling suicidal, you’re not alone: one in five of us think about suicide in our lifetimes. Remember that these feelings won’t last. There is help available to keep you safe now and to help with the problems that may be causing your suicidal feelings.

T

T

Knowing how to talk about mental health can be tricky – but being direct and compassionate can go a long way.

Talking therapies can help you deal with negative thoughts and feelings and make positive changes.

Your doctor is there for your mental health as well as your physical health. It’s not always easy to start the conversation, but it’s always ok to ask for help.

Trauma is when we experience or witness a very distressing event. It can have long-lasting effects on our mental and physical health.

W

W

If you have a mental health condition or you’re on a low income, you may be entitled to claim benefits to help you pay for day-to-day things.

In England, around one in five women has a common mental health problem such as anxiety, depression or self-harm.

The pressure of an increasingly demanding work culture is one of the biggest challenges to society’s mental health.